Frequently Asked Questions
Compiled from a number of sources.
2019 Novel Coronavirus is a new strand of the coronavirus family. This family of virus is responsible for SARS and MERS. This new mutated virus has originated from Wuhan, Hubei Province in China.
Official and scientists around the globe are working hard to identify its source of origination. As mentioned above it belongs to a family of Coronaviruses that are known to cause illness like SARS and MERS is known to come from civet cats and camels respectively.
This virus probably originally emerged from an animal source but now seems to be spreading from person-to-person. It’s important to note that person-to-person spread can happen on a continuum. Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while other viruses are less so. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.
No. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate among animals, including camels, cats and bats. The recently emerged COVID-19 is not the same as the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or the coronavirus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). However, genetic analyses suggest this virus emerged from a virus related to SARS. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.
The people who meet the following list of criteria are at risk:
- People who live in Hubei Province or had travelled to Hubei Province in recent times
- Those who had contact with the other infected cases of COVID-19
- People having respiratory disease, diabetes, pre-existing kidney failure, suppressed immune systems are more vulnerable to this virus.
These below symptoms can occur for the one having COVID-19 virus:
- Shortness of Breath
- Cough/Sore Throat
To prevent yourself from infection, one should not exposed to the virus. But the following everyday actions can help to prevent the spread of virus:
For at least 20 seconds one should wash hands often with water and soap, if soap and water is not available an alcohol based sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol can be used.
- If hands are unwashed avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid contact with the sick people
- Use tissue while coughing or sneezing, and throw that tissue after that.
- Clean and disinfect the object that you touch frequently.
- If you are sick it is good to stay at home.
If you had a close contact with a person who is confirmed or suspected for the COVID-19 then you should start to have a check on your health from the day of contact and continue for at least 14 days. You should also keep an eye on these symptoms: If you have fever take your temperature twice a day
- Shortness of Breath
- Sore Throat/Headache/Runny Nose
You should consult a doctor as soon as possible. And it’s very probable that your doctor may arrange a test to check for infection. The test may take a few days for results.
If the tests results are positive then immediately inform the Health care officers and inform them that you are a confirmed case of 2019-nCoV. And until you are admitted to the hospital you should put on a mask provided to you because it will help in restriction of spread of virus.
This is a very fast and changing situation in which CDC is trying its best to provide the available information.
The health experts and doctors of WHO has declared the Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak a PHEIC(Public-Health Emergency of International Concern).
The investigation for the source and spread of 2019 Novel Coronavirus is still undergoing so it is very difficult to tell the reasons behind it. But the poor survivability of coronaviruses(because 2019-nCoV is genetically similar to virus that causes SARS) will make them low risky in case of the products shipped from China over a period of days or weeks under different temperatures.
No, it is not safe to travel to China these days, as most of the countries have started to evacuate their citizens from China, especially the Hubei province. While for other countries follow their travel guidelines.
If you had recently travelled to China and feeling any of the symptoms like fever/cough/breathing difficulty/ then you should immediately contact with the medical officers of your area and tell them about these symptoms.
If you are sick, avoid contact with pets or animals. Even though there are no reports of any animal infected with COVID-19, other types of coronavirus can affect the animals. Even if you want to take care of a sick animal, wear a mask and gloves.
Since this disease is caused by a new virus, so the new vaccine could take time in development. It could take a few weeks or months or even year.
As of today, there is no specific treatment for infection caused by COVID-19. But some of the symptoms can be treated on the patient’s health condition. Good Medical care is very supportive in the treatment of the symptoms of COVID-19.
You can check out the following for information related to coronavirus:
- CDC: Situation Summary 2019 Novel Coronavirus https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/index.html
- WHO: Novel Coronavirus https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus\
- Health Department:Australian Government https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov
- NSW Government: https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/alerts/Pages/coronavirus-faqs.aspx#2-2
- European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control- https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china
People infected with Novel Coronavirus or those who had contact with COVID-19 should wear a surgical face mask to reduce the spread of virus. The health care workers caring for patients affected with COVID-19 should use P2 Masks, but these masks should be tested and worn properly.
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